An attempt is made to develop a systematic approach for estimating the quantity of concrete and optimisation of concrete cost based on a case study. The article will be published in two parts. The present article (Part 1) discusses about the Metro Projects in brief, construction methodology adopted, estimation of concrete quantity and associated cost. The next article (Part 2) will be discussing about the methodologies used for optimising the cost associated with production, transportation and placement of concrete.
In India, for infrastructure projects, the concrete is used as one of the essential construction materials. Appropriate selection of concrete (type/grade) and precise estimation of concrete quantity are essential to achieve optimised cost of concrete. Further, optimisation of construction cost related to concrete could also be achieved by appropriate selection of construction methodology along with equipment selection (rental/purchase/outsourcing) suitable for site conditions. various equipment are required for the production, transportation and placing of concrete. The selection and usage of these equipment are crucial for the successful completion of project work. Generally, the selected equipment shall fulfill project requirements within the timeframe.
In this regard, comprehensive analysis on selection of equipment and their usage in construction site needs to be carried out by the contractor well in advance (i.e bidding stage). If equipment planned to use in construction site is inadequate, it will be difficult to follow the schedule of fast track infrastructure project. On the other hand, to reduce the time period of construction, the plan for excess usage of equipment, may not be financially beneficial for the project. Hence, there is need to develop a systematic method for for optimising the cost of concreting by accurate estimation of concrete quantity and effective decision on selection of appropriate construction systems. The method was developed based on a case study (construction of metro project in Mumbai).
Details about planning and costing of above points are explained in subsequent points.