Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is a flexibility mechanisms introduced by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in the context of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. The mechanisms are designed to provide a financial incentive for projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. The project set up at the Teresa cement plant provides 30 per cent of the cement plant's electricity needs. By using less energy from fossil fuels, the heat recovery project makes a lasting contribution to the fight against climate change by allowing the Teresa plant to cut its indirect CO2 emissions by 12,000 tonne per year. Lafarge has registered three other CDMs around the world - in Morocco, the Tetouan cement plant's wind farm supplies 60 per cent of the plant's electricity needs in Malaysia, in the Rawang and Kanthan cement plants, palm kernel shells are used as a alternative fuel for a proportion of the coal required in India, in the State of Chhattisgarh, fly ash from coal-fired power plants replaces more than 30 per cent of the clinker used to manufacture cement.